More Filipinos have experienced hunger in the fourth quarter of 2021, according to a Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey that was only released this week.
Conducted from 12 to 16 December, the poll found that around three million people or about 11.8 percent of Filipino families got hungry at least once in the last three months of the year.
The hunger rate tallied during the survey period was 1.8 percentage points higher than the 10 percent rate in September 2021, but lower than the 16.8 percent logged in May and 13.6 percent in June of last year.
The pollster attributed the 1.8-point rise of involuntary hunger between September and December last year to increases in all areas, except in Balance Luzon.
Overall, incidence of hunger was highest in Metro Manila at 22.8 percent, up by 8.8 percentage points from September’s 14 percent.
Mindanao trailed the capital region by 12.2 percent, 1.9 percentage points from the previous 10.3 percent tallied during the previous survey.
These were followed by the Visayas which saw a 3.7-percentage point increase from 6 percent to 9.7 percent; as well as Balance Luzon from 10.3 percent to 9.2 percent.
According to the SWS, the 11.8 percent overall hunger recorded in December was composed of 9.2 percent who experienced
“moderate” hunger and 2.6 percent who experienced “severe” hunger.
It said that “moderate” hunger refers to those who experienced hunger only once or a few times during the last three months before the survey was conducted, while “severe” hunger refers to those who experienced it often or always in the last three months.
In Metro Manila, “moderate” hunger rose by 7.2 percentage points from 9.7 percent in September to 16.9 percent in December, while “severe” hunger rose by 1.5percentage points from 4.3 percent to 5.8 percent.
“Moderate” hunger fell by 1.6 percentage points from 8 percent to 6.4 percent in Balance Luzon, but “severe” hunger slightly increased from 2.3 percent to 2.8 percent.
In the Visayas, “moderate” hunger rose by 3.3 percentage points from 5 percent to 8.3 percent, while “severe” hunger rose slightly from 1 percent to 1.4 percent.
On the other hand, “moderate” hunger increased in Mindanao by 1.8 percentage points from 9 percent to 10.8 percent, while “severe” hunger barely moved from 1.3 percent to 1.4 percent.
The fourth quarter survey was conducted through face-to-face interviews with 1,440 adults and had sampling error margins of ±2.6 percent for national percentages and ±5.2 percentages for Balance Luzon, Metro Manila, the Visayas, and Mindanao.
It was non-commissioned and was merely included on the public service initiatives of the SWS.