Phl Dev’t Plan 2023-2028 tackles climate change

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF PDP Chapter 15 of PDP 2023-2028 identifies the goal for communities, institutions, and the natural and built environment to be ‘more resilient to the impacts of natural hazards and climate change’ by 2028.

The Climate Change Commission welcomed the inclusion of an accelerated climate change agenda in the Philippine Development Plan 2023-2028, pointing out that this will further strengthen the commitment of the Philippine Government to deliver on key climate actions.

CCC Vice Chair and Executive Director Robert E.A. Borje cited the addition of an entire chapter on climate change in the PDP 2023-2028: Chapter 15: Accelerate Climate Action and Strengthen Disaster Resilience.

“PDP Chapter 15 reflects the Philippine Government’s commitment and dedication to enhance the nation’s overall resilience to climate change and its impacts, putting a premium on the need for integrated and comprehensive climate action between and among government, partners and all stakeholders,” Borje said.

The chapter identifies the goal for communities, institutions and the natural and built environment to be “more resilient to the impacts of natural hazards and climate change” by 2028.

To achieve this objective, Chapter 15 of PDP 2023-2028 identified the following strategies: 1) increasing climate and disaster risk resilience of communities and institutions, 2) enhancing ecosystem resilience and 3) enabling transition to a low-carbon economy.

To support and operationalize PDP 2023-2028, the CCC is updating the National Climate Change Action Plan and the Nationally Determined Contribution, strengthening the implementation of the National Climate Risk Management Framework, and developing the National Adaptation Plan.

These plans and frameworks provide convergence points for CCC to work with relevant government agencies on enhancing ecosystem resilience and enabling low carbon economy transition. Likewise, these plans and framework will allow the Philippine government to assess the required climate finance and investments on top of public resources for needed climate change actions.

Toward this end, P453.1 billion has already been tagged for Fiscal Year 2023 for climate change expenditure by National Government Institutions to be used for adaptation and mitigation programs.
Borje said the figure represents a significant 56-percent increase from the climate change expenditure tagged for Fiscal Year 2022 of P289.7 billion, with 83 percent for adaptation and 17percent for mitigation — “an indication of the priority of the Administration given to transformative climate change agenda, as laid out by President Ferdinand R. Marcos Jr.”

According to Borje, it is essential that NGIs implement the adaptation and mitigation projects anchored on the following NCCAP thematic priorities: food security, water sufficiency, human security, environmental and ecological stability, sustainable energy, climate smart industries and services, and knowledge and capacity development.

The NCCAP was developed by the CCC in consultation with relevant government agencies. This document outlines the country’s strategic direction from 2011 to 2028 as a response to the current situation and projected impacts of climate change.

To increase the climate and disaster risk resilience of communities and institutions, the CCC bared that it will ramp up its programs on further strengthening the capacity of LGUs and communities through the development, enhancement and submissions of Local Climate Change Adaptation Plan.

“The CCC will continue to further strengthen its public-private-community engagements to further develop public awareness and understanding on climate change, and further improve the quality of risk and vulnerability assessments,” Borje said.

A total of 1,397 out of 1,715 LGUS submitted their LCCAPs in 2022, compared to 715 submissions from LGUs in 2021, showing a substantial 42 percent increase. The data represent a year-on-year submission rate increase of 40 percent.

“We will continue to work with the Department of Interior and Local Government in order to follow through with the target of having all 1,715 submit their LCCAPs,” Borje said.

The PDP presents the six-year vision of President Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr.’s administration toward an upper middle-income and low-carbon development, and climate-smart and climate-resilient Philippines. It was developed by the National Economic and Development Authority with other government agencies and stakeholders.

The Climate Change Commission, on the other hand, is the lead policy-making body of the government tasked to coordinate, monitor and evaluate government programs and ensure mainstreaming of climate change in national, local, and sectoral development plans toward a climate-resilient and climate-smart Philippines.

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