U.S. ratifies NATO entry of Finland, Sweden

Only the nod of seven NATO members remain for the two countries to be admitted to the alliance

(FILES) In this file photo taken on May 19, 2022 US President Joe Biden, flanked by Sweden’s Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and Finland’s President Sauli Niinistö, speaks in the Rose Garden following a meeting at the White House in Washington, DC. – The US Senate ratified the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO August 3, 2022, strongly backing the expansion of the transatlantic alliance in the face of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. (Photo by MANDEL NGAN / AFP)

August 5, 2022

WASHINGTON (AFP) — The United States (US) Senate ratified the entry of Sweden and Finland into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Wednesday, strongly backing the expansion of the transatlantic alliance in the face of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The Senate voted 95 to 1 in favor of the two Nordic countries’ accession, making the US the 23rd of the 30 NATO countries to formally endorse it so far, after Italy approved it earlier Wednesday and France on Tuesday.

“This historic vote sends an important signal of the sustained, bipartisan US commitment to NATO, and to ensuring our Alliance is prepared to meet the challenges of today and tomorrow,” US President Joe Biden said in a statement.

The sole opponent was Republican Josh Hawley, who believes the US should focus on protecting its homeland and concentrate on the challenge from China rather than Europe.

One senator, Republican Rand Paul, voted “present” rather than endorsing or opposing the motion.

Senate leader Chuck Schumer said it was a signal of Western unity after Moscow launched a war on Ukraine on 24 February.

“This is important substantively and as a signal to Russia: they cannot intimidate America or Europe,” Schumer said.

“Putin has tried to use his war in Ukraine to divide the West. Instead, today’s vote shows our alliance is stronger than ever,” he said.

All 30 members of NATO must agree if Finland and Sweden, officially non-aligned but longtime adjunct partners of the alliance, are admitted.

According to a NATO list, seven member countries have yet to formally agree to the new double-entry: the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain and Turkey.

Only Turkey has raised a challenge, demanding the extradition of dozens of government opponents it labels “terrorists” from both countries in exchange for its support.

Turkey said on 21 July that a special committee would meet Finnish and Swedish officials in August to assess if the two nations are complying with its conditions.


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